Childhood Adversity

Each of the articles in this department takes a close look at one of the factors that contributes to a child or adolescent being considered at risk. Those factors include the 10 categories of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) identified by the widely known study by Kaiser Permanente, and the CDC:

  1. Physical abuse
  2. Sexual abuse
  3. Emotional abuse
  4. Physical neglect
  5. Emotional neglect
  6. Domestic violence
  7. Household substance abuse
  8. Household mental illness
  9. Parental separation or divorce
  10. Parental Incarceration

In addition, because the objective of New Circle Magazine is to cover all adverse experiences that impact on children’s lives, we have added to the list five categories of experiences of social disadvantage that also result in high risk for children and adolescents:

  1. poverty
  2. homelessness
  3. community violence
  4. discrimination
  5. historical trauma

For example, in the Childhood Adversity department of Issue #1 we have two articles: At-Risk Children and Adolescents—At Risk of What? and Encountering Child Sexual Abuse in Your Work. In the Childhood Adversity department of Issue #2, we have these two articles: Building a Counseling Relationship with an Adolescents Who Has Experienced Physical Abuse and Racial Stress in Children and Adolescents.